International Journal of Business Studies (IJBS) is an international open access and peer-reviewed journal published tri-annually in February, June, and October by Sekolah Tinggi Manajemen IPMI. Currently, IJBS volume 6 issue 3 has been published and can be accessed through

All articles in this issue (6 original research articles) include Authors from 3 countries of origin (Indonesia, Nigeria and Tunisia). In the future, we are hoping for more research study by the academicians from all around the world.

IJBS aimed to provide research articles in order to have a significant implication on the world of business management studies. In addition, IJBS’s primary objective is to bridge the gap between theory and practice in business management. The journal covers a variety of business management topics and original researchers in the following areas such as: Business Economics, Business Ethics, Marketing Management, Finance Management, Operation Management, Strategic Management, Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Competitiveness, Sustainable Development, Human Resource Management, Leadership, Organizational Behavior, Change Management, Risk Management, e-Business, International Business, Knowledge Management, Management Accounting, Management Control System, Management Information System, and Supply Chain Management.

Every manuscript contains research methods, empirical results, managerial implication and latest references from primary sources which based on Indonesian context or global issues that have a significant impact on contribution to the development of business management in Indonesia. Furthermore, IJBS is highly relevant for all professionals, managers, directors, consultants, entrepreneurs, business scholars, professors, academic researchers and graduate students in the field of business management. IJBS is accredited by the Ministry of Research Technology and Higher Education Republic of Indonesia NOMOR 158/E/KPT/2021 on December, 27th 2021 as SINTA 3. IJBS has become a CrossRef Member since the year 2017. Therefore, all articles will have a unique DOI number.